Between 1755 and 1763, more than 14,000 Acadians were deported from Nova Scotia to the British American colonies, Europe and British prisons in what became known as The Great Upheaval or Le Grande Dérangement. Many settled in Louisiana, ultimately establishing the Cajun culture. In 2003, Gov. Gen. Adrienne Clarkson, representing Canada's government, declared the crown's acknowledgment for the event and designated July 28 as "A Day of Commemoration of the Great Upheaval."
Longfellow 's poem became an American classic, with reinterpretations following years later. In particular, "Acadian Reminiscences: The True Story of the Acadians" (1907) by Felix Voorhies of St. Martinsville, La., finds Emmeline Labiche and Louis Arceneaux searching for each other against a backdrop of southern Louisiana. Voorhies' story, and Longfellow's poem, memorializes the history of the Acadians and their struggles.
If you search for "Longfellow" in "The Nineteenth Century in Print: The Making of America in Books and Periodicals" presentation, you'll find several of Longfellow's poems as they appeared in such magazines as The Atlantic Monthly, along with first editions of such titles as "Aftermath" and "The Courtship of Miles Standish, and Other Poems."