The Library of Congress THE LOC.GOV WISE GUIDE
HOME Life Before Photoshop? Organization of Sound Unheralded But Unequalled Dancing Queen's Durability? The Ruble Stops Here A Native Prescription Saving “Rocky Horror” . . . And Other Classics
The Ruble Stops Here

In today’s economy, banks rise and fall, new businesses flourish and well-established ones sometimes face difficulty, employment rates fluctuate and consumers bear the brunt in hard times and reap the rewards in good ones. One economy that has undergone major changes is Russia’s. Since the fall of Communism and the Soviet Union, Russian business has been steadily on the rise since 1999. Its economic growth has outpaced such nations as Brazil, Canada and Italy due to increased energy-export revenues, the liquidation of a large part of its foreign debt and, as of July 2008, the accumulation of more than $590 billion in international reserves, or gold and foreign-exchange reserves. Of course, as seen in 2008, difficulties of one financial system often directly affect others in markets all over the world.

Alles um des Menschen willen! (Everything for the welfare of mankind.) 1973 Raduga (rainbow). 1912

Business Reference Services of the Library’s Science, Technology and Business Division has developed a guide that presents annotated print and online resources on Russia’s business and economy. Sources cited include publications and databases available at the Library, along with free Internet resources such as Web sites of Russian and U.S. government agencies, trade associations and business news outlets.

Business and Economics Research Advisor, or BERA, is an ongoing series of reference and research guides on subjects related to business and economics. Industries covered include oil and gas, sports and the automotive sector.

The Library’s Russian collection is one of the strongest among its European collections with some 700,000 physical volumes (books, sets, continuations, and bound periodicals) in Russian, and approximately the same number of volumes in other languages of the former USSR and volumes in Western languages about Russia and the former Soviet Union. In 1906, the Library purchased the Yudin Collection, almost 100,000 volumes collected by Gennadii Vasil'evich Yudin of Krasnoyarsk, Siberia, which formed the core of its Russian holdings. An overview of the Russian collections offers insight into the holdings spread among the Library’s various divisions.

Visually appealing is the Library’s Prokudin-Gorskii Photographic Collection, which features color photographic surveys of the vast Russian Empire made between 1905 and 1915 by Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii. What sets these images apart from traditional photographs is Prokudin-Gorskii’s technique of creating negatives by using a camera that exposed one oblong glass plate three times in rapid succession through three different color filters: blue, green, and red. He then presented these images in color in slide lectures using a light-projection system involving the same three filters to superimpose the three exposures to form a full color image on a screen. In 2000 and 2004, the Library contracted with outside vendors to reproduce Prokdin-Gorskii’s images using modern technology to allow viewing of the images as the Russian photographer intended. In addition to the full collection, a selection of these rendered images is offered as part of the online exhibition “The Empire That Was Russia.”

A. Alles um des Menschen willen! (Everything for the welfare of mankind.) 1973. Prints and Photographs Division. Reproduction Information: Call No.: POS 6 - U.S.S.R., no. 122 (C size) <P&P>[P&P]

B. Raduga (rainbow). 1912. Prints and Photographs Division. Reproduction Information: Reproduction Nos.: LC-DIG-prokc-20829 (digital color composite from digital file from glass neg.), LC-DIG-prok-10829 (detail of digital file showing single frame from glass neg.), LC-DIG-prok-00829 (digital file from glass neg.), LC-USZ62-124072 (b&w film copy neg. of photographic print); Call No.: LC-P87- 4580[P&P]