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Book/Printed Material Emancipation Proclamation.

About this Item


  • Emancipation Proclamation.


  • Initially, the Civil War between the North and the South was fought by the North to prevent the secession of the South and preserve the Union. Ending slavery was not a goal. That changed on September 22, 1862, when President Abraham Lincoln issued his Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which stated that slaves in those states or parts of states still in rebellion as of January 1, 1863, would be free. One hundred days later Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation declaring "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious areas "are, and henceforward shall be, free." Lincoln's bold step was a military measure by which he hoped to inspire the slaves in the Confederacy to support the Union cause. Because it was a military measure, the proclamation was limited in many ways. It applied only to states that had seceded from the Union, and left slavery untouched in the border states. Although the Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery, it did fundamentally transform the character of the war. Henceforth, every advance of Federal troops expanded the domain of freedom. Moreover, the proclamation announced the acceptance of black men into the Union Army and Navy. By the end of the war, almost 200,000 black soldiers and sailors had fought for the Union and their own freedom.


  • Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 Author.

Created / Published

  • [place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 1862-09-22.


  • -  United States of America--District of Columbia--Washington
  • -  1862 to 1865
  • -  African Americans
  • -  Politics and government
  • -  Proclamations
  • -  Slavery
  • -  Slaves--Emancipation--Southern States
  • -  United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865


  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1 document (5 pages).
  • -  Original resource at: U.S. National Archives and Records Administration.
  • -  Content in English.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.


  • 1 online resource.

Source Collection

  • United States History

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021667576

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

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Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Lincoln, Abraham, Author. Emancipation Proclamation. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, -09-22, 1862] Pdf.

APA citation style:

Lincoln, A. (1862) Emancipation Proclamation. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, -09-22] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Lincoln, Abraham, Author. Emancipation Proclamation. [Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, -09-22, 1862] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.