Book/Printed Material Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen Adopted by the National Assembly during its Sessions on August 20, 21, 25 and 26, 1789, and Approved by the King. Declaration des droits de l'homme et du citoyen : décrétés par l'Assemblée nationale, dans les séances, des 20, 21, 25 et 26 aout 1789, sanctionnés par le roi

About this Item

Title

  • Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen Adopted by the National Assembly during its Sessions on August 20, 21, 25 and 26, 1789, and Approved by the King.

Other Title

  • Declaration des droits de l'homme et du citoyen : décrétés par l'Assemblée nationale, dans les séances, des 20, 21, 25 et 26 aout 1789, sanctionnés par le roi

Summary

  • On June 17, 1789, the members of Third Estate (those members of the pre-revolutionary French parliament, the Estates-General, who were not from the First Estate, the nobility, or the Second Estate, the clergy) gathered and declared themselves the National Assembly of France. Alarmed at this radical development, King Louis XVI (1754-93) decided to end their deliberations and barred access to the room in Versailles where they had been meeting. Over the next several days, most members of the clergy in the Estates-General and a significant number of the nobility declared their support for the new assembly. On June 27, all but one of the 577 members from the Third Estate swore to stick together until they had drafted a constitution for the country. This became known as the Serment du Jeu de Paume (Tennis court oath), after the location where the parliamentarians gathered after having been barred from their earlier meeting place by the king. Louis XVI then decided to invite the two other estates to join the assembly, which on July 9, 1789 became the National Constituent Assembly. On August 4, the assembly accepted a proposal from one of its representatives, Jean-Joseph Mounier, to add a declaration on human rights to the beginning of the constitution. On August 12, a committee was elected to examine and merge the various proposals for the declaration. A document comprised of 19 articles was presented on August 17 and discussed during parliamentary sessions on August 20, 21, 25 and 26. Honoré Mirabeau read the declaration from the podium on August 26 and it was adopted on October 2. While riots were raging, Louis XVI approved the text on October 5, 1789, with much prodding from the Marquis de La Fayette. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of August 26, 1789, is one of the fundamental texts included in the preamble to the French constitution of October 1958. Presented here is the first printed edition, from the collections of the National Library of France.

Names

  • France. National Constituent Assembly, 1848-1849 Author.

Created / Published

  • Paris : Mondharre & Jean, 1789.

Headings

  • -  France
  • -  1789-08-20 to 1789-08-26
  • -  Civil rights
  • -  Constitutions
  • -  France -- History -- Revolution, 1789-1799
  • -  Politics and government

Notes

  • -  Title devised, in English, by Library staff.
  • -  Original resource extent: 1 etching ; 48.5 x 34.5 centimeters.
  • -  Original resource at: National Library of France.
  • -  Content in French.
  • -  Description based on data extracted from World Digital Library, which may be extracted from partner institutions.

Medium

  • 1 online resource.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 2021668069

Online Format

  • compressed data
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

France. National Constituent Assembly, Author. Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen Adopted by the National Assembly during its Sessions on August 20, 21, 25 and 26, and Approved by the King. Paris: Mondharre & Jean, 1789. Image. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668069/.

APA citation style:

France. National Constituent Assembly, A. (1789) Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen Adopted by the National Assembly during its Sessions on August 20, 21, 25 and 26, and Approved by the King. Paris: Mondharre & Jean. [Image] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2021668069/.

MLA citation style:

France. National Constituent Assembly, Author. Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen Adopted by the National Assembly during its Sessions on August 20, 21, 25 and 26, and Approved by the King. Paris: Mondharre & Jean, 1789. Image. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2021668069/>.