Library of Congress >> MARC >> Bibliographic >> 01X-09X  >> 034

# 034 - Coded Cartographic Mathematical Data (R)

MARC 21 Bibliographic - full
November 2021

First Indicator Second Indicator
Type of scale
0 - Scale indeterminable/No scale recorded
1 - Single scale
3 - Range of scales

Type of ring
# - Not applicable
0 - Outer ring
1 - Exclusion ring

 Subfield Codes \$a - Category of scale (NR) \$b - Constant ratio linear horizontal scale (R) \$c - Constant ratio linear vertical scale (R) \$d - Coordinates - westernmost longitude (NR) \$e - Coordinates - easternmost longitude (NR) \$f - Coordinates - northernmost latitude (NR) \$g - Coordinates - southernmost latitude (NR) \$h - Angular scale (R) \$j - Declination - northern limit (NR) \$k - Declination - southern limit (NR) \$m - Right ascension - eastern limit (NR) \$n - Right ascension - western limit (NR) \$p - Equinox (NR) \$r - Distance from earth (NR) \$s - G-ring latitude (R) \$t - G-ring longitude (R) \$x - Beginning date (NR) \$y - Ending date (NR) \$z - Name of extraterrestrial body (NR) \$0 - Authority record control number or standard number (R) \$1 - Real World Object URI (R) \$2 - Source (NR) \$3 - Materials specified (NR) \$6 - Linkage (NR) \$8 - Field link and sequence number (R)

### FIELD DEFINITION AND SCOPE

Contains cartographic mathematical data, including scale, projection, and/or coordinates in coded form. For digital items, the coordinates can represent a bounding rectangle, the outline of the area covered and/or the outline of an interior area not covered. For celestial charts, it may also contain zone, declination data, and/or right ascension data, and/or equinox. For cartographic material, there should be an 034 field corresponding to each 255 field in a record.

For non-cartographic materials (i.e., images, graphic materials, textual materials, etc.), geographic coordinates are recorded to represent the position of the structure, site or feature depicted or described in the resource, or the geographic location from which the image was captured. In this case, geographic coordinates may be recorded in field 034 without the presence of a corresponding field 255 in the record.

For relief models and other three-dimensional cartographic items, if a single set of scales is used in field 255 (i.e., one horizontal and one vertical scale), the first indicator position in field 034 contains value 1, the denominator of the representative fraction for the horizontal scale is recorded in subfield \$b, and the denominator of the representative fraction for the vertical scale is recorded in subfield \$c. If multiple or varying sets of scales are recorded as a range, the smaller and larger denominators for the horizontal scales are recorded in the first and second subfield \$b respectively, the smaller and larger denominators for the vertical scales are recorded in the first and second subfield \$c, respectively, and the first indicator position contains value 3.

### GUIDELINES FOR APPLYING CONTENT DESIGNATORS

#### ■ INDICATORS

First Indicator - Type of scale

Specifies the type of scale information given.

0 - Scale indeterminable/No scale recorded

Used when no representative fraction is given in field 255 or no field 255 is present in the record.

1 - Single scale

Single horizontal scale.

3 - Range of scales

Scale consists of a range of scales.

Second Indicator - Type of ring

Type of ring for digital cartographic items.

# - Not applicable

Type of ring is not applicable.

0 - Outer ring

Coordinate information represents the closed non-intersecting boundary of the area covered.

1 - Exclusion ring

Coordinate information represents the closed non-intersecting boundary of an area within the G-polygon outer ring that is excluded.

#### ■ SUBFIELD CODES

\$a - Category of scale

One-character alphabetic code indicating the type of scale of the item.

Used even when a specific scale is not recorded (first indicator position contains value 0). For non-cartographic materials (i.e. images, graphic materials, textual materials, etc.) subfield \$a is not used. The codes used in subfield \$a are:

a - Linear scale

 034 1#\$aa\$b100000
b - Angular scale

Used for celestial charts.

z - Other type of scale

Any other type of scale, for example, a time scale, quantitative statistical scale, etc.

If the scale statement is the only subfield given in field 255 and if the scale statement does not contain a representative fraction, field 034 will contain only subfield \$a.

 034 0#\$aa

\$b - Constant ratio linear horizontal scale

Denominator of the representative fraction for the horizontal scale.

The larger scale (smaller number) is generally given first.

 034 1#\$aa\$b1000000 034 3#\$aa\$b18000\$b28000

\$c - Constant ratio linear vertical scale

Denominator of the representative fraction for the vertical scale of relief models and other three-dimensional cartographic items.

The larger scale (smaller number) is generally given first.

 034 1#\$aa\$b744000\$c96000

\$d - Coordinates - westernmost longitude

\$e - Coordinates - easternmost longitude

\$f - Coordinates - northernmost latitude

\$g - Coordinates - southernmost latitude

Subfields \$d, \$e, \$f, and \$g individually identify the four coordinates of the item. Subfield \$d represents the westernmost extent of the item; subfield \$e, the easternmost extent; subfield \$f, the northernmost extent; and subfield \$g, the southernmost extent. The abbreviations for the hemispheres are: N = North, S = South, E = East, W = West.

Subfields \$d, \$e, \$f, and \$g always appear together. The coordinates may be recorded in the form hdddmmss (hemisphere-degrees-minutes-seconds), however, other forms are also allowed, such as decimal degrees. The subelements are each right justified and unused positions contain zeros.

Examples in degrees/minutes/seconds: hdddmmss (hemisphere-degrees-minutes-seconds):

 034 1#\$aa\$b22000000\$dW1800000\$eE1800000\$fN0840000\$gS0700000 034 1#\$aa\$b253440\$dE0790000\$eE0860000\$fN0200000\$gN0120000[The above two examples illustrate records for flat maps or flat maps in atlases.]

Example in decimal degrees: hddd.dddddd (hemisphere-degrees.decimal degrees):

 034 1#\$aa\$dE079.533265\$eE086.216635\$fS012.583377\$gS020.419532

Example in decimal degrees: +-ddd.dddddd (hemisphere[+/-]-degrees.decimal degrees) (“+” for N and E, “-“ for S and W; the plus sign is optional):

 034 1#\$aa\$d+079.533265\$e+086.216635\$f-012.583377\$g-020.419532

Example without the optional plus sign:

 034 1#\$aa\$d079.533265\$e086.216635\$f-012.583377\$g-020.419532

Example in decimal minutes: hdddmm.mmmm (hemisphere-degrees-minutes.decimal minutes):

 034 1#\$aa\$dE07932.5332\$eE08607.4478\$fS01235.5421\$gS02028.9704

Example in decimal seconds: hdddmmss.sss (hemisphere-degrees-minutes-seconds.decimal seconds):

 034 1#\$aa\$dE0793235.575\$eE0860727.350\$fS0123536.895\$gS0202858.125

If the coordinates are given in terms of a center point rather than outside limits, the longitude and latitude which form the central axis are recorded twice (in subfields \$d and \$e and in \$f and \$g, respectively).

 034 1#\$aa\$b75000\$dW0950500\$eW0950500\$fN0303000\$gN0303000 034 1#\$aa\$dW119.697222\$eW119.697222\$fN034.420833\$gN034.420833 034 1#\$aa\$d-119.697222\$e-119.697222\$f+034.420833\$g+034.420833 034 1#\$aa\$dW11941.833333\$eW11941.833333\$fN03425.250000\$gN03425.250000
 034 0#\$dW0735848\$eW0735848\$fN0404554\$gN0404554[Coordinates of Carnegie Hall, a concert venue depicted in an image.]

\$h - Angular scale

Scale, if known, for celestial charts.

\$j - Declination - northern limit

\$k - Declination - southern limit

\$m - Right ascension - eastern limit

\$n - Right ascension - western limit

Subfields \$j, \$k, \$m, and \$n are used with celestial charts or celestial charts in atlases and contain the limits of the declination and the right ascension.

Subfields \$j and \$k are each eight characters in length and record the declination in the form hdddmmss (hemisphere-degrees-minutes-seconds). The degree, minute and second elements are each right justified and the unused positions contain zeros. (If declination of center is known, it is repeated in both subfields).

Subfields \$m and \$n are each six characters in length and record the right ascension in the form hhmmss (hour-minute-seconds). The hour, minute and second elements are each right justified and the unused positions contain zeros. (If the right ascension of center is known, it is repeated in both subfields).

 034 0#\$ab\$jN0300000\$kN0300000\$m021800\$n021800

\$p - Equinox

Equinox or epoch for a celestial chart. Usually recorded in the form yyyy (year) according to the Gregorian calendar, but may include a decimal including the month in the form yyyy.mm (year-month).

 034 0#\$ab\$p1950

\$r - Distance from earth

Distance of celestial bodies, such as planets or stars, from the Earth in light-years in star atlases.

\$s - G-ring latitude

Latitude of a point of the g-ring.

\$t - G-ring longitude

Longitude of a point of the g-ring.

\$x - Beginning date

Beginning of the time frame specific to the coordinates. The date is structured in the form of yyyymmdd. When no date is recorded, it is assumed that the coordinate information is current.

\$y - Ending date

Ending of the time frame specific to the coordinates. The date is structured in the form of yyyymmdd. When no date is recorded, it is assumed that the coordinate information is current.

 034 0#\$dE0110000\$eE0320000\$fN0690000\$gN0550000\$x17210000\$y19171200 034 0#\$dE0110000\$eE0240000\$fN0690000\$gN0550000\$x19171200

\$z - Name of extraterrestrial body

Name of a planet or other extraterrestrial body specified when the coordinate data recorded in subfields \$d, \$e, \$f and \$g do not describe an entity on Earth.

 034 0#\$dW2450000\$eE2570000\$fN0160000\$gN0190000\$zMars\$2gpn

\$0 - Authority record control number or standard number

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.

\$1 - Real World Object URI

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.

\$2 - Source

MARC code that identifies the source of the data recorded in field 034. If different sources are recorded, separate fields should be used. Code from: Cartographic Data Source Codes.

\$3 - Materials specified

Information that specifies the part of the entity to which the field applies.

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.

\$8 - Field link and sequence number

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.

### INPUT CONVENTIONS

Punctuation - Field 034 does not end with a mark of punctuation.

In coordinates, the decimal sign may be either the period or the comma.

 034 1#\$aa\$dE079,533265\$eE086,216635\$fS012,583377\$gS020,419532
 034 1#\$aa\$b7500\$dE1254312.0\$eE1254755.7\$fN0383301.0\$gΝ0382846.0

### CONTENT DESIGNATOR HISTORY

Field 034 - Coded Cartographic Mathematical Data [REDESCRIBED, 2021]
Field definition was broadened to allow for the recording of geographic coordinates for any type of resource (i.e., cartogrpahic and non-cartographic), also resulting in editorial changes to the defintions of indicator 1 value 0, subfield \$a, subfield \$c, and subfield \$g.

Indicator 1 - Type of scale
2 - Two or more scales (BK, MP, SE) [OBSOLETE]

Value 2 was made obsolete when field 034 was made repeatable in 1982.

\$a - Category of scale

Code c (Other type of scale) was made obsolete in 1997. [CAN/MARC only]

\$r - Distance from earth [NEW, 2006]
\$x - Beginning date [NEW, 2006]
\$y - Ending date [NEW, 2006]
\$z - Name of extraterrestrial body [NEW, 2006]
\$0 - Authority record control number or standard number [NEW, 2011]
\$1 - Real World Object URI [NEW, 2017]
\$2 - Source [NEW, 2006]
\$3 - Materials specified [NEW, 2010]

Library of Congress >> MARC >> Bibliographic >> 01X-09X  >> 034
(11/24/2021)