Library of Congress >> MARC >> Bibliographic >> 5XX  >> 540

540 - Terms Governing Use and Reproduction Note (R)

MARC 21 Bibliographic - concise
May 2019

Terms governing the use of the materials after access has been provided. The field includes, but is not limited to, copyrights, film rights, trade restrictions, etc. that restrict the right to reproduce, exhibit, fictionalize, quote, etc.


First - Undefined
# - Undefined
Second - Undefined
# - Undefined

Subfield Codes

$a - Terms governing use and reproduction (NR)
Usually mean the text of a legal or official statement of restrictions.
$b - Jurisdiction (NR)
Name of a person, an institution, or a position or function within the institution, by whom or which the terms governing access are imposed and/or enforced, and to whom the restriction may be appealed.
$c - Authorization (NR)
Source of authority for the restriction (e.g., a specific statute, contract, etc.).
$d - Authorized users (NR)
Class of users, or specific individuals (by name or title) to whom the restrictions in subfield $a do not apply.
$f - Use and reproduction rights (R)
Data taken from a standardized list of terms (e.g., Creative Commons or Rights Statements) indicating the use and reproduction rights.
$g - Availability date (R)
Date when the resource changes its use and reproduction rights. Preferred structure for the date is according to Date and Time (ISO 8601): yyyymmdd.
$q - Supplying agency (NR)
A MARC Organization Code, ISIL, or textual name of the organization or project responsible for the data in the field.
$u - Uniform Resource Identifier (R)
$2 - Source of term (NR)
MARC code that identifies the source of the term used to record the use and reproduction rights in subfield $f. If terms from different sources are needed, separate fields should be used. Code from: Access Restriction Term Source Codes.
$3 - Materials specified (NR)
$5 - Institution to which field applies (NR)
See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.
$6 - Linkage (NR)
See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.
$8 - Field link and sequence number (R)
See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.


540 ##$aLiterary rights of Carrie Chapman Catt have been dedicated to the public.
540 ##$aRestricted: Copying allowed only for non-profit organizations.
540 ##$aCreative Commons Namensnennung - Nicht kommerziell - Keine Bearbeitungen$fCC BY-NC-ND 4.0$2cc$u
540 ##$3Recorded radio programs$aThere are copyright and contractual restrictions applying to the reproduction of most of these recordings;$bDepartment of Treasury;$cTreasury contracts 7-A130 through 39-A179.
540 ##$aRights status not evaluated. For general information see "Copyright and Other Restrictions..."$u
540 ##$3Transcripts$aConfidential, copying limited;$dStudent named on document.

Library of Congress >> MARC >> Bibliographic >> 5XX  >> 540
Contact Us