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Machu Picchu: A Brief Bibliography


Books on Machu Picchu

Angles Vargas, Víctor. Machupijchu y el camino inka. Cusco, Perú, V. Angles Vargas, 1980. 103 p.

Angles Vargas, Víctor. Machupijchu y sus enigmas. Cusco, Perú, V. Angles Vargas, 1984. 286 p.
   F3429.1.M3A543 1984

Bingham, Alfred M. Portrait of an explorer: Hiram Bingham, discoverer of Machu Picchu. Ames, Iowa State University Press, 1989. 381 p. 1989 Bibliography: p. 362-368.

Bingham, Hiram. Lost city of the Incas. New York, Duell, Sloan, and Pearce, 1948. 263 p.
   F3429.1.M3B617 and Microfilm 52189 F

Bingham, Hiram. Machu Picchu, a citadel of the Incas; report of the explorations and excavations made in 1911, 1912 and 1915 under the auspices of Yale University and the National Geographic Society. London, H. Milford, Oxford University Press, 1930. 244 p. (Memoirs of the National Geographic Society, no. 1)
   G3.N25 no. 1

Frost, Peter. Machu Picchu historical sanctuary, Cusco, Perú. Lima, Perú, Nuevas Imágenes, c1995. 64 p.
   F3429.1.M3F76 1995

Hemming, John. Machu Picchu. New York, Newsweek, c1981. 172 p.

Machupicchu: devenir histórico y cultural. [Editorial, selección y notas] Efraín Chevarría Huarcaya. [Cusco, Perú] E. Chevarría Huarcaya, 1992. 250 p. F3429.1.M3M35 1992 Bibliography: p. 245-246.
   F3429.1.M3M35 1992

Mantorell Carreño, Alberto. Machu Picchu, patrimonio cultural en peligro. Lima, Perú, Editorial Malze, 2000. 149 p. Bibliography: p. 141-148.
   F3429.1.M3M395 2000

Reinhard, Johan. Machu Picchu: the sacred center. Lima, Perú, Nuevas Imágenes, c1991. 112 p. F3429.1.M3R44 1991 Bibliography: p. 95-108.
   F3429.1.M3R44 1991

Valencia Zegarra, Alfredo, and Arminda Gibaja Oviedo. Machu Picchu: la investigación y conservación del monumento arqueológico después de Hiram Bingham. Qosqo [i.e. Cuzco] Perú, Municipalidad del Qosqo, 1992. 354 p. Bibliography: p. 329-354.
   F3429.1.M3V35 1992

Wright, Kenneth R., and Alfredo Valencia Zegarra. Machu Picchu: a civil engineering marvel. With Ruth M. Wright and Gordon McEwan. Reston, Va., American Society of Civil Engineers, c2000. 136 p. Bibliography: p. 124-126.
   TA52.W75 2000

Wright, Ruth M., and Alfredo Valencia Zegarra. The Machu Picchu guidebook: a self-guided tour. Boulder, Colo., Johnson Books, c2001. 162 p.
   F3429.1.M3W75 2001


Books on the Incas

Poma de Ayala, Felipe Huamán. Letter to a king: a Peruvian chief's account of life under the Incas and under Spanish rule. New York, Dutton, c1978. 248 p. Translation of Nueva corónica y buen gobierno. English.

Hemming, John. Monuments of the Incas. Boston, Little, Brown, 1982. 228 p. Bibliography: p. 216-221.
   F3429.H38 1982

Julien, Catherine J. Reading. Inca history. Iowa City, University of Iowa Press, c2000. 338 p. Bibliography: p. 313-323.
   F3429.J85 2000

Malpass, Michael Andrew. Daily life in the Inca empire. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 1996. 164 p.
   Bibliography: p. 153-159.
   F3429.M26 1996

Morris, Craig, and Adriana von Hagen. The Inka Empire and its Andean origins. New York, Abbeville Press, c1993. 251 p.
   Bibliography: p. 236-242.
   F3429.M843 1993

Moseley, Michael Edward. The Incas and their ancestors: the archaeology of Peru. New York, Thames and Hudson, 1992. 272 p.
   Bibliography: p. 263-267.
   F3429.M848 1992


Journal Articles

Bingham, Hiram. Further explorations in the land of the Incas: the Peruvian Expedition of 1915 of the National Geographic Society and Yale University. National geographic, v. 29, May 1916: 431-473.

Bingham, Hiram. In the wonderland of Peru. National geographic, v. 24, Apr. 1913: 387-573.

Bingham, Hiram. The story of Machu Picchu: the Peruvian expeditions of the National Geographic Society and Yale University. National geographic, v. 27, Feb. 1915: 172-186, 203-217.

Brown, Jeff L. Rediscovering the Lost City. Civil engineering, v. 71, Jan. 2001: 32-39, 74. Available at

Wright, Kenneth, R., Alfredo Valencia Zegarra, and William L. Lorah. Ancient Machu Picchu drainage engineering. Journal of irrigation and drainage engineering, v. 125, Nov./Dec. 1999: 360-369.

Wright, Kenneth R., Gary D. Witt, and Alfredo Valencia Zegarra. Hydrogeology and paleohydrology of ancient Machu Picchu. Ground water, v. 35, July/Aug.1997: 660-666.

Wright, Kenneth R., Jonathan, M. Kelly, and Alfredo Valencia Zegarra. Machu Picchu: ancient hydraulic engineering. Journal of hydraulic engineering, v. 123, Oct. 1997: 838-843.

Wright, Kenneth R. The unseen Machu Picchu: a study by modern engineers. South American explorer, no. 46, winter 1996: 4-16.


Internet Resources


Brown, Jeff L. Rediscovering the Lost City. An article from January 2001 issue of Civil Engineering about the work of Ken Wright, who set out to answer questions such as "how did the Incas get their water when Machu Picchu is on a mountain range?

Thomson, Hugh. (2001, July 21). Peru: Hiram Bingham's Lost Property. [Online] An article commemorating the 90th anniversary (on July 24, 2001) of Hiram Bingham's discovery of the ruins of Machu Picchu - one of the greatest events in 20th century archaeology. Published in London by Independent Digital


The Inca Trail and Machu Picchu - A virtual tour guide of the Inca trail through ruins of Inca civilization in Peru, South America. Includes a description of the Inca trail leading to Machu Picchu, history and advice for travelers, interactive maps, and photographs of noteworthy places.

The Machu Picchu Library - An excellent source of information including a large collection of links on the following topics: Latin America, Peru, Andean culture, The Inca, maps, background and history, written sources, education and research, The Inca Trail, general narratives, imagery, videos, and art.

Machu Picchu: the city of magic - An extensive guide to Machu Picchu, illustrated with many photographs. Includes information on the Inca Trail.

Compiled by John F. Buydos, Science, Technology, and Business Division and Carlos J. Olave,
Hispanic Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540
September 5, 2001

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