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Top-level Element: <abstract>

Element <abstract>
Definition A summary of the content of the resource.


Language-related: lang; xml:lang; script; transliteration

Linking: ID; IDREF; xlink:href; altRepGroup

Miscellaneous: displayLabel; altFormat; contentType; shareable

Specific: type

Subelements None

Guidelines for Use

Used to record a succinct summary of some aspect of the content of the resource. A link may be supplied--via @href:link--in lieu of, or in addition to, the content. This element is repeatable.

Specific Attribute Information



Identifies what type of summary is recorded.


There is no controlled list of abstract types. Examples include scope, subject, content advice, review.



<abstract displayLabel="Content description">Broadside advertising a funeral ceremony assassinated president Abraham Lincoln, held in Elgin, Illinois, on April 19, 1865. It details the route of the procession, the order of local official participants in the procession, and the order of service for the ceremony to be held in the Academy Hall.</abstract>

<abstract shareable="no">Describes the results of an ongoing evaluation of State activity relating to improvement of criminal records. Activities reviewed include upgrading of accuracy and completeness of records, automation, implementation of positive identification procedures and procedures for responding to firearm background check inquiries. The report describes the nature of activities initiated, time until completion, and impact on availability of records. Characteristics of individual states are represented in some areas. The document was prepared by Queues Enforth Development under BJS award 95-RU-RX-K002. 2/00 NCJ 179768.</abstract>

<abstract xml:lang="fr" type="summary" xlink:href="">A la fin du XIXème siècle, Rudyard Kipling, un jeune journaliste installé en Inde, fait la connaissance de Daniel Dravot et de Peachy Carnehan, deux anciens sergents de l'armée britannique à la recherche de la fortune et de la gloire. Après un long et périlleux voyage via l'Afghanistan, ces derniers pénètrent dans une contrée sauvage, le Kafristan, où des villageois sont en guerre contre une ville rivale. Tous deux s'engagent dans la bataille. Au cours des combats, Dravot reçoit une flèche en pleine poitrine, mais continue à lutter. En réalité, la flèche s'est plantée dans la catouchière. Mais aux yeux du peuple, il passe pour un être surnaturel, le dieu Sikander, fils d'Alexandre le Grand. Après ce miracle supposé, Dravot est proclamé roi du Kafristan et bénéficie de la puissance absolue. Mais le pouvoir peut corrompre même le meilleur des hommes.</abstract>

<abstract xlink:href="" displayLabel="Review">Written in a rather whimsical style, this short article makes a serious statement about the direction in which libraries are evolving. The word 'library' may eventually be dropped from our vocabulary, to be replaced by the 'idea store'. Books are being displaced by computers, multimedia content, playgrounds, thematic displays, and cafes. This is proving extremely popular, given the surge in client population. The library locales mentioned are local, however, the transformation of libraries is universal.</abstract>



MARC Mapping (Bibliographic)

See MARC Mapping to MODS for the <abstract> element.

Dublin Core Mapping

See MODS to Dublin Core Metadata Element Set Mapping.


Last Updated: November 7, 2022