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Top-level Element: <name>

Element <name>
Definition The name of a person, organization, or event (conference, meeting, etc.) associated in some way with the resource.
Attributes

Common:

Authority: authority; authorityURI; valueURI

Language-related: lang; xml:lang; script; transliteration

Internal Linking: altRepGroup; nameTitleGroup

External Linking: xlink:href; ID

Miscellaneous: usage; displayLabel

Specific: type

Subelements <namePart> <alternativeName> <nameIdentifier> <displayForm> <affiliation> <role> <description> <etal>
Examples EXAMPLES
Mappings MAPPINGS

Guidelines for Use

<name> is a container element that contains all subelements related to name information. Role values are used to indicate the particular relationship between the name and the resource. Some implementors have used the <role> subelement with the value "creator". to retain the concept of main entry. In addition to describing creators, <name> is used as a subelement of <subject>. For names used as subjects, see the <subject> section of the guidelines. A name may be linked to a uniform title in the record using the nameTitleGroup attribute. A name may be designated as the citation or "main" entry name using the usage attribute.

Specific Attribute Information

type

Definition
The type of name. It is optional. If supplied, it is one of the following:
Application
The following values may be used with type:
  • personal – Used for a person
  • corporate – Used for a company, institution of organization
  • conference – Used for conferences, meetings, or other named events
  • family – Used for a family

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Subelement: <namePart>

Definition The individual parsed parts that together make up the full name.
Attributes

Common:

Language-related: lang; xml:lang; script; transliteration

Internal Linking: altRepGroup

Miscellaneous: displayLabel

Specific: type

Subelements None

Guidelines for Use

The name itself is always contained in a <namePart> element. MODS allows for either breaking up parts of the name (given and family, for example) in different <namePart> elements or enclosing the entire name in one element. Use of the former method affords more control in sorting and display and should be used if the data is readily available. Either method is acceptable.

For greater interoperability, name elements should appear in the same order as in their authorized form (the authority cited in the <name> authority attribute). If no authority is used for personal names, last name or family name should appear first, followed by a comma, followed by first or given names.

Parsing can be used to indicate a date associated with the name, to parse the parts of a corporate name, or to parse parts of a personal name if desired.

Specific Attribute Information

type

Definition
Identifies which part of the parsed name is recorded in the <namePart>.
Application
When breaking a <name> element into constituent <namePart> elements, the type attribute should be used whenever applicable. The following values may be used with the type attribute:
  • date – Used to parse a date (for example a birth date) included for the purpose of distinguishing individuals with the same name. It is not to be used for a date that is the integral part of a name, e.g. dates with a conference name. This attribute is not used when parsing the dates of a corporate name.
  • family – Used for the surname used to identify members of the same family.
  • given – Used for a forename or first name.
  • termsOfAddress – Used to record titles and enumeration associated with a name, such as Jr., II, etc.

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Subelement: <nameIdentifier>

Definition A unique standard number, code, or URI that distinctively identifies a resource.
Attributes

Common:

Language-related: lang; xml:lang; script; transliteration

Internal Linking: altRepGroup

Miscellaneous: displayLabel

Specific: type; typeURI; invalid

Subelements None

Guidelines for Use

This element allows for the inclusion of an identifier for the object (RWO) named by this <name>. <nameIdentifier> is of the same type as <identifier>,  See guidance for that element.

Specific Attribute Information

type

Definition
Identifies the type of RWO name identifier, for example, wikidata or viaf (RWO identifier).
Application

There is  is no controlled list of nameIdentifier types. Suggested values include, but are not limited to, those specified in Name and Title Authority Source Codes.

invalid

Definition
Signifies a canceled or invalid identifier.
Application
The invalid attribute should be used with the following value:
  • yes – This value is used only when recording a canceled or invalid identifier. If invalid="yes" is not present, the identifier is assumed to be valid. Do not use invalid="no."

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Subelement: <alternativeName>

Definition An alternative name for the same entity.
Attributes

Common:

Language-related: lang; xml:lang; script; transliteration

External Linking: xlink:href

Miscellaneous: displayLabel

Specific: altType

Subelements

<namePart> <nameIdentifier> <displayForm> <affiliation> <role> <description>

These are the same subelements (with identical definitions) as <name>, with the exception of <etal> and  <alternativeName>.  <alternativeName> is not allowed (recursively) as a subelement of <alternativeName> (you cannot have an alternative name for an alternative name). However, you can repeat <alternativeName> within a single <name> element--to indicate multiple, different alternative names.

Guidelines for Use

Used to express an alternative name for the same entity – not an alternative form but  an alternative name, for example:

  • “Claudia Alta Johnson” for “Lady Bird Johnson”

  • “IBM” for “International Business Machines”

For guidelines on the usage of <alternativeName> subelements see their definitions as subelements under <name>.

altType

Definition
Identifies the nature of the alternative name.
Application
The value of the altType attribute may be any string. The following values are considered well-known:
  • "formal name"
  • "preferred name"
  • "acronym"
  • "nickname"
  • "no specific type" (may be used when no specific type applies)

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Subelement: <displayForm>

Definition A form of the name to be displayed to the user, which may be the unstructured form of the name as given on the resource.
Attributes

Common:

Language-related: lang; xml:lang; script; transliteration

Subelements None

Guidelines for Use

The <displayForm> element makes it possible to display personal names in direct order rather than in inverted order. For some applications, contractual agreements require that the form of the name provided on the resource be used. If the display name is an entire statement of responsibility, <displayForm> may be indicated in a note (with type="statement of responsibility") along with any other text in the statement of responsibility--and also repeated here if desired.

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Subelement: <affiliation>

Definition The name of an organization, institution, etc. with which the entity recorded in <name> was associated at the time that the resource was created.
Attributes

Common:

Language-related: lang; xml:lang; script; transliteration

Subelements None

Guidelines for Use

<affiliation> may also contain other elements that are part of the affiliation, such as email address, street address, job title, etc.

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Subelement: <role>

Definition Designates the relationship (role) of the entity recorded in name to the resource described in the record.
Attributes

None

Subelements <roleTerm>

Guidelines for Use

<role> is a container element for the role recorded in one or more <roleTerm> subelements. All <roleTerm> elements within a single <role> container pertain to the same role (they may be different terms used for the role). If there are different roles, repeat <role><roleTerm> as needed.

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Subelement: <role><roleTerm>

Definition Contains the textual or coded form of a relator/role.
Attributes

Common:

Authority: authority; authorityURI; valueURI

Language-related: lang; xml:lang; script; transliteration

Specific: type

Subelements None

Guidelines for Use

An authority attribute should be indicated if the role is in coded form or in textual form from a controlled term list. The Library of Congress maintains a list of sources for codes and terms, Relator and Role Code and Term Source Codes, and a relator code and term value list, MARC Code list for Relators, or MARC Code List for Relators Scheme. If both a code and a term are given that represent the same role, use one <role> and multiple occurrences of <roleTerm>. If different roles are given, repeat <role><roleTerm>.

Specific Attribute Information

type

Definition
Indicates whether the role is expressed in a coded or textual form.
Application
The type attribute may be used with the following values:
  • text – This value is used to express a role in a textual form. The authority attribute may be used to indicate the source of the term.
  • code – This value is used to express a role in a coded form. The authority attribute should be used to indicate the source of the code.

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Subelement: <description>

Definition A textual description for a name when necessary, for example, to distinguish the named entity from other names.
Attributes

Common:

Language-related: lang; xml:lang; script; transliteration

Subelements None

Guidelines for Use

Used for other additional information about the name entity.

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Subelement: <etal>

Definition Indicates that there are one or more names that, for whatever reason, cannot be explicitly included in additional name elements.
Attributes

Common:

Language-related: lang; xml:lang; script; transliteration

Subelements None

Guidelines for Use

Used for one of more names that, for whatever reason, cannot be included in another name element.

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EXAMPLES

<name type="personal">
<namePart type="termsOfAddress">Dr.</namePart>
<namePart>Brown, B. F.</namePart>
<affiliation>Chemistry Dept., American University</affiliation>
<role>
<roleTerm type="text" authroity="marcrelator">creator</roleTerm>
<roleTerm type="code" authority="marcrelator">cre</roleTerm>
<roleTerm valueURI="http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/relators/cre
"/
>
</role>
<role>
<roleTerm type="text" authority="marcrelator">author</roleTerm>
<roleTerm type="code" authority="marcrelator">aut</roleTerm>
</role>
</name>
<name type="personal" authority="ULAN">
<namePart>Abrams, Michael</namePart>
<description>American sculptor and installation artist, active late 20th century</description>
</name>
<name type="personal" valueURI="http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n92101908">
<namePart>Alterman, Eric</namePart>
<displayForm>Eric Alterman</displayForm>
<role>
<roleTerm type="text">creator</roleTerm>
<roleTerm type="code">cre</roleTerm>
</role>
</name>
<name type="personal">
<namePart type="given">John</namePart>
<namePart type="family">Huston</namePart>
<role>
<roleTerm type="code" authority="marcrelator">drt</roleTerm>
<roleTerm type="text" authority="marcrelator">director</roleTerm>
</role>
</name>
<name authority="naf" type="personal">
<namePart>Evans, Walker, 1903-1975</namePart>
<role>
<roleTerm type="code" authority="marcrelator">pht</roleTerm>
<roleTerm type="text" authority="marcrelator">Photographer </roleTerm>
</role>
</name>
<name type="personal">
<namePart type="given">John Paul</namePart>
<namePart type="termsOfAddress">II</namePart>
<namePart type="termsOfAddress">Pope</namePart>
<namePart type="date">1920-</namePart>
</name>
<name authority="naf" type="personal">
<namePart type="family">Courtney</namePart>
<namePart type="given">Marguerite</namePart>
<namePart type="date">1905-1995</namePart>
</name>
<name type="personal">
<namePart type="given">Jack</namePart>
<namePart type="family">May</namePart>
<namePart type="termsOfAddress">I</namePart>
<description>District Commissioner</description>
<description>Préfet de région</description>
</name>
<name type="personal" authority="naf">
<namePart>Woolf, Virginia</namePart>
<namePart type="date">1882-1941</namePart>
</name>
<name authority="naf" type="personal">
<namePart type="family">Mattox</namePart>
<namePart type="given">Douglas E.</namePart>
<namePart type="given">(Douglas Ernest)</namePart>
<namePart type="date">1947-</namePart>
</name>
<name type="personal" usage="primary">
<namePart>Owens, Mark</namePart>
<namePart type="date">1944-</namePart>
</name>
<name type="personal">
<namePart>Owens, Delia</namePart>
</name>
<titleInfo>
<title>Cry of the Kalahari</title>
</titleInfo>
<name type="personal" nameTitleGroup="1">
<namePart> Shakespeare, William </namePart>
<namePart type="date">1564-1616</namePart>
</name>
<titleInfo>
<nonSort>The </nonSort><title>tragedy of Hamlet </title>
</titleInfo>
<titleInfo type="uniform" nameTitleGroup="1">
<title>Hamlet</title>
</titleInfo>
<name type="personal" usage="primary">
<namePart>Owens, Mark</namePart>
<namePart type="date">1944-</namePart>
</name>
<name type="personal">
<namePart>Owens, Delia</namePart>
</name>
<titleInfo>
<title>Cry of the Kalahari</title>
</titleInfo>
<name type="corporate">
<namePart>United States</namePart>
<namePart>Court of Appeals (2nd Circuit)</namePart>
</name>
<name type="conference">
<namePart>International Workshop on Plasma-Based Ion Implantation (1993 : University of Wisconsin--Madison)</namePart>
</name>
<name type="conference">
<namePart>Paris Peace Conference (1919-1920)</namePart>
</name>
<name>
<namePart type="family">Fox</namePart>
<namePart type="given">Nellie</namePart>
</name>
<name>
<namePart type="family">Phillips</namePart>
<namePart type="given">Bubba</namePart>
</name>
<name>
<etal/>
</name>

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MAPPINGS

MARC Mapping (Bibliographic)

See MARC Mapping to MODS for the <name> element.

Dublin Core Mapping

See MODS to Dublin Core Metadata Element Set Mapping.

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Last Updated: August 10, 2020