• 1206

    Dresden first mentioned as a fording point on the Elbe River

  • 1423

    Ruler of Saxony made elector of the Holy Roman Empire

  • 1485

    Elector of Saxony chose Dresden as main residence

  • 1517

    Martin Luther's "95 Theses on the Misuses of Indulgences" purportedly posted on the doors of the Wittenberg Castle Church

  • 1520

    Luther publishes Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation

  • 1522

    Luther's German translation of New Testament published

  • 1548

    Court Orchestra founded, forerunner of Saxon State Orchestra

  • 1556

    Royal Saxon Library founded by Prince Elector Augustus (1553–1586) as his personal library

  • 1694–1733

    Reign of Augustus I, the Strong, who also became King of Poland in 1697

  • 1709–1732

    Zwinger "arena," an art gallery and festival courtyard built beside the palace by architect Pöppelmann

  • 1727

    Royal Library moves into two wings of Zwinger Palace and is made accessible to the public

  • 1733–1763

    Reign of Augustus II

  • 1736

    Johann von Besser's collection acquired by the Royal Library

  • 1755

    Librarian Winckelmann published Imitation of the Painting and Sculpture of the Greeks

  • 1756–1763

    Seven Years War

  • 1763–1806

    Reign of Augustus III

  • 1764

    Count von Bünau's library purchased

  • 1768

    Count von Brühl's library purchased

  • 1798

    "Romantic School" of literature created in Dresden, including the Schlegels, Novalis, and Schelling

  • 1806

    Holy Roman Empire dissolved during Napoleonic wars, and the elector became King of Saxony; library became Royal Public Library

  • 1807

    Journal Phoebus, founded and published in Dresden, was a leading periodical of the "Romantic" Movement

  • 1884–1887

    Albertinum built to house the Sculpture Collection

  • 1918

    Last King of Saxony abdicated; Dresden became part of Germany

  • 1919

    With the Weimar Republic, Library officially becomes the Saxon State Library

* Based on the chronology in The Splendor of Dresden exhibition guidebook. National Gallery of Art, 1978

Back to Top