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Top-level Element: <relatedItem>

Element <relatedItem>
Definition Information that identifies other resources related to the one being described.
Attributes

Common:

Linking: ID; IDREF; xlink:href

Miscellaneous: displayLabel

Specific: type; otherType; otherTypeAuth; otherTypeAuthURI; otherTypeURI

Subelements

All MODS elements can appear as subelements:

Examples EXAMPLES
Mappings MAPPINGS

GUIDELINES | EXAMPLES | MAPPINGS

Guidelines for Use

<relatedItem> is a container element; its subelements are zero or more MODS top-level elements, which together form a MODS record (without the <mods> wrapper) if there is at least one element. If there are zero elements it points to an external MODS record using the xlink attribute.

See the entries for the applicable top-level elements. All  MODS elements may be used, and it is recommended to include at least those necessary to identify the related item, the relationship and/or to link to another digital object or a surrogate for it. <relatedItem> includes attributes @type, @othertype, and @typeURI to designate the specific type of relationship. A controlled list of types is   enumerated in the schema for the type attribute, and other relationship types may be indicated in the otherType or otherTypeURI attributes. For example, it may describe a constituent item. This may be suitable, for instance, for complex objects that require specific descriptive information for constituent parts, but that are considered intellectually one object (e.g. a CD with several tracks, digitized or analog).

Another common use of <relatedItem> is to link to metadata, commonly a MODS record, for a related resource, without duplicating its metadata as subelements of <relatedItem>, using the xlink attribute. Note that a link to give access to the content of a described related resource would be encoded in <relatedItem><location><url>. 

The use of the type, otherType, or otherTypeURI attribute is strongly recommended. If @type is supplied, neither @otherType nor @otherTypeURI may be supplied. If @type is not supplied,  @otherType or @otherTypeURI (or both) should be supplied.


Specific Attribute Information

type

Definition
The relationship between the <relatedItem> and the resource being described in the MODS record when it is one of the enumerated types below.
Application
This attribute may contain the following values:
  • preceding – A predecessor to the resource.
  • succeeding – A successor to the resource.
  • original – An original form of the resource.
  • host – A host or parent resource for the resource described; this may be a parent collection.
  • constituent – A constituent unit of the resource.
  • series – The series in which a resource is issued.
  • otherVersion – Another version (i.e. change in intellectual content) of the resource.
  • otherFormat – Another format (i.e. change in physical format) of the resource.
  • isReferencedBy – Citations or references to published bibliographic descriptions, abstracts, or indexes of the content of the resource.
  • references – A resource cited or referred to in the resource.
  • reviewOf – A review of the resource.

otherType

Definition
The type of relationship when it is other than one of the values enumerated above.

otherTypeAuth

Definition
The name of an authoritative list of terms for relationship types. (Supplied only if otherType is supplied, in which case the value of otherType is a member of that list.)

otherTypeURI

Definition
A URI for the relationship type.

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EXAMPLES

1: Linking to metadata

<relatedItem displayLabel="Preceding Title" type="preceding"
xlink:href=”https://lccn.loc.gov/88694159/mods”/>

2: Linking to content of related resource

<mods>
<titleInfo>
<title>Report of the president & of the treasurer</title>
</titleInfo>
<genre>Periodicals</genre>
<relatedItem displayLabel="PrecedingTitle" type="preceding">
<titleInfo>
<title>Report of the acting president</title>
</titleInfo>
<genre>Periodicals</genre>
<location>
<url>https://archive.org/details/reportofactingpr00carn
</url>
</location>
<genre>Periodicals</genre>
</relatedItem>
</mods>

3: Context

<mods>
<titleInfo>
<title>Puzzling Out the Post-Fordist Debate</title>
<subTitle>Technology, Markets and Institutions</subTitle>
</titleInfo>
<name type="personal">
<namePart type="given">Mark</namePart>
<namePart type="family">Elam</namePart>
<role>
<roleTerm type="text">editor</namePart>
</role>
</name>
<originInfo>
<dateIssued>1994<dateIssued>
<publisher>Blackwell Publishers</publisher>
<place>
<placeTerm type="text">Oxford</placeTerm>
</place>
</originInfo>
<relatedItem displayLabel="Part of" type="host">
<titleInfo>
<title>Post-Fordism</title>
<subTitle>A Reader</subTitle>
</titleInfo>
<name type="personal">
<namePart type="given">Ash</namePart>
<namePart type="family">Amin</namePart>
<role>
<roleTerm type="text">editor</roleTerm>
</role>
</name>
<originInfo>
<dateIssued>1994</dateIssued>
<publisher>Blackwell Publishers</publisher>
<place>
<placeTerm type="text">Oxford</placeTerm>
</place>
</originInfo>
<part>
<extent unit="page">
<start>43</start>
<end>70</end>
</extent>
</part>
</relatedItem>
</mods>
<mods>
<titleInfo>
<title>Examining charitable donations</title>
</titleInfo>
<originInfo>
<edition>Version 1.2</edition>
</originInfo>
<genre>Data (information)</genre>
<relatedItem otherType="isPreviousVersionOf" otherTypeAuth="DataCite">
<titleInfo>
<title>Examining charitable donations</title>
</titleInfo>
<originInfo>
<edition>Version 1.1</edition>
</originInfo>
</relatedItem>
</mods>
<mods>
<titleInfo>
<title>Directory of computer assisted research in musicology</title>
</titleInfo>
<relatedItem type="succeeding">
<titleInfo>
<title>Computing in musicology</title>
</titleInfo>
<identifier type="issn">1057-9478</identifier>
<identifier type="lccn">(DLC) 91656596</identifier>
<identifier type="local">(OCoLC)21202412</identifier>
</relatedItem>
</mods>
<mods>
<titleInfo type="uniform">
<title>Modern maturity (NRTA edition)</title>
</titleInfo>
<identifier type="lccn">sn 84010086</identifier>
<relatedItem type="otherFormat">
<titleInfo>
<title>Modern maturity</title>
</titleInfo>
<physicalDescription>
<form authority="marcform">electronic</form>
</physicalDescription>
</relatedItem">
</mods>

4: Constituent parts

Example of a single track in a MODS record for a compact disc

<relatedItem type="constituent" ID="DMD_disc01_tr001">
<titleInfo type="uniform" authority="naf">
<title>Chaconne von Vitali</title>
</titleInfo>
<titleInfo>
<title>Chaconne</title>
</titleInfo>
<name type="personal" authority="naf">
<namePart>Vitali, Tomaso Antonio</namePart>
<namePart type="date">1663-1745</namePart>
<role>
<roleTerm authority="marcrelator" type="text">composer</roleTerm>
</role>
</name>
<name type="personal" authority="naf">
<namePart>Blatt, Josef</namePart>
<role>
<roleTerm authority="marcrelator" type="text">performer</roleTerm>
</role>
</name>
<physicalDescription>
<extent>9:55</extent>
</physicalDescription>
<note type="Standard Restriction">This item is unavailable due to copyright restrictions.</note>
<note type="performers">Nathan Milstein, violin ; Josef Blatt, piano.</note>
<note type="statement of responsibility">Tomaso Vitali</note>
<note>Originally for violin and continuo; arr. for violin and piano.</note>
<note>Attributed to Tomaso Vitali, but most likely not by him.</note>
<subject authority="lcsh">
<topic>Chaconnes (Violin and piano), Arranged.</topic>
</subject>
</relatedItem>
<mods>
<titleInfo>
<title>William P. Gottlieb Collection</title>
</titleInfo>
<relatedItem otherTypeURI="http://purl.org/dc/terms/hasPart" otherTypeAuth="DCMI">
<titleInfo>
<title>[Portrait of Charlie Parker and Tommy Potter, Three Deuces, New York, N.Y., ca. Oct. 1947]</title>
</titleInfo>
<name>
<namePart>Gottlieb, William P.</namePart>
<namePart type="date">1917-</namePart>
</name>
<identifier type="local">LC-GLB23-0542</identifier>
</relatedItem>
<mods>

5: Additional examples

<mods>
<titleInfo>
<title>Appropriate technology</title>
</titleInfo>
<relatedItem type="isReferencedBy">
<titleInfo>
<title>Environment abstracts</title>
<titleInfo>
<identifier type="issn">0093-3287</identifier>
</relatedItem>
</mods>
<mods>
<titleInfo>
<nonSort>Le </nonSort>
<title>maître d'école</title>
</titleInfo>
<originInfo eventType="publication">
<place>Paris</placeTerm>
<publisher>P. Seghers</publisher>
<dateIssued>1952</dateIssued>
</originInfo>
<relatedItem type="series">
<titleInfo>
<title>Collection africaine</title>
</titleInfo>
</relatedItem>
</mods>

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MAPPINGS

MARC Mapping (Bibliographic)

See MARC Mapping to MODS for the <relatedItem> element.

Dublin Core Mapping

See MODS to Dublin Core Metadata Element Set Mapping.

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Last Updated: October 31, 2022